git/gitweb Installation with apache2

Tested on Debian10

With subversion we were used to have a server that provides checkout/checkin operations as well as repository browsing. This blog shows how this can be achieved with git/gitweb as well.


The following packages have to be installed:

apache2, git, gitweb

The Idea

We need to have a switch point that sends fetch/pull requests to the repository backend but browsing requests to the gitweb frontend. Therefore the apache configuration file consist of the two parts.

Repository backend

This blog assumes no access control for reading the repository but controls the pull requests.

This leads to the following apache2 configuration:

   SetEnv GIT_PROJECT_ROOT /path/to/repos

   # Enable git clone over HTTP
   ScriptAliasMatch \
                "(?x)^/git/(.*/(HEAD | \
                info/refs | \
                objects/(info/[^/]+ | \
                [0-9a-f]{2}/[0-9a-f]{38} | \
                pack/pack-[0-9a-f]{40}\.(pack|idx)) | \
                git-(upload|receive)-pack))$" \

# define access control
<LocationMatch "^/git/">
	AuthType Basic
	AuthName "Git Access"
	AuthUserFile /var/svn/dav_svn.passwd
	Require all granted
<If "%{QUERY_STRING} == 'service=git-receive-pack' || %{REQUEST_URI} =~ m#/git/.*/git-receive-pack#" >
	Require valid-user

Gitweb Frontend

Apache2 configuration:

   # ScriptAlias for gitweb
   ScriptAlias /git /usr/share/gitweb/index.cgi
   Alias /static /usr/share/gitweb/static

In addition the gitweb configfile (/etc/gitweb.conf) has to be adjusted, al least the $projectroot.

Letzte Aktualisierung: 19.2.2021